2022 El Salvador International Research Experience for Students

Join an interdisciplinary team of experts in a fully funded international summer experience to build field skills in hydrological and sociocultural research in El Salvador. This multi-year project addresses climate change-induced, water-related challenges in the Central American Dry Corridor with a focus on agricultural community adaptations to extreme hydrometeorological events in El Salvador. Project work will be carried out in topics such as:

  • Groundwater aquifer characterization, including quantifying the temporal nature of recharge rates  
  • Seasonal water quality studies of roof-top rainwater catchment systems and groundwater, including exploring treatment options as needed
  • Seasonal community water usage 

This project is a collaboration of Michigan Technological University (MTU), the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI), and Lutheran World Relief (LWR) in El Salvador, funded as a National Science Foundation  International Research Experience for Students (IRES).


COVID-19 Contingencies: There are many unknowns due to the current pandemic; however, the program organizers are continuing preparations as best as possible. We are closely monitoring influencing factors and will assess the feasibility of the program as the proposed dates (mid-June to early-August 2022) get closer. The project’s Year 1 cohort with seven students were able to successfully complete ~5 weeks of field work in Summer 2021. Prior to their international field experience, they participated in a 2-week intensive virtual field school. The virtual venue made the logistics more amenable to the Covid precautions. We expect the summer 2022 to be similar.


Subscribe to the IRES mailing list to receive the latest programmatic and application information or contact Luke Bowman (ljbowman@mtu.edu) with questions. 

Resources to learn more:



Please contact Dr. Luke Bowman at ljbowman@mtu.edu with questions and continue reading below for additional information and application instructions.

View the 2021 Program Flyer

  • Program Application

    The 2022 El Salvador IRES application form will be available soon. 

    Student Applications should be submitted through Proposal Space using the link above. 

    The application consists of:

    • A brief application form
    • A statement of interest
    • A C.V.
    • A transcript
    • A Letter of endorsment from a faculty advisor

    Deadline: February 4, 2022

    Contact Luke Bowman (ljbowman@mtu.edu) with any questions.

  • About the International Research Experience

    Michigan Technological University (MTU), the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI), and Lutheran World Relief (LWR) received support from the National Science Foundation - International Research Experience for Students program to explore agricultural community adaptations to extreme hydrometeorological events in El Salvador. The project seeks MS and PhD students to conduct hydrological and sociocultural research in El Salvador for 8 weeks during the summer. 

    The main program activity of this project is an eight-week International Research Experience in agricultural communities of El Salvador. The first cohort of student participants will focus on understanding issues of water availability, gender and power relationships, root causes of vulnerability within communities, and the installation of hydrometeorological monitoring equipment. The activities will bring graduate students together with MTU and students’ own faculty advisors, CUAHSI mentors, LWR staff, Universidad de El Salvador - Facultad Multidisciplinaria Paracentral professors and students, and rural farmers to conduct group projects. The goal is to create opportunities where students from many universities can exchange ideas and advance concepts with project partners that help inform local partners’ development interventions and research for subsequent cohorts. Results from each cohort should highlight problems/challenges facing communities for which solutions can be explored collaboratively between all stakeholders. 

    As the 2020 IRES was canceled due to COVID-19, 2021 will be the first International Research Experience Cohort. Students apply to the program before January 31, 2021. Selected students will travel to El Salvador for the eight-week program in mid-June. Students are grouped into teams organized around projects defined by the theme leaders and pre-selected topics. While there may be some overlap with the students' individual MS/PhD research projects, the expectation is that the work and research done during the Summer Institute will be a separate, self-contained project. 

  • International Research Experience Highlights
    • International research opportunity with potential for longer-term impacts 
    • Strong, local partnerships with in-country partnering institutions
    • Immersion in local communities situated in rural landscapes
    • Opportunity to experience Salvadoran culture in a Spanish-language immersion setting
    • Practice skills in community development and capacity building in an international context
    • Potential for development of or adapting a thesis or dissertation idea(s)
    • Opportunity to grow your professional network and create lasting friendships
  • Program Eligibility

    Applications will be accepted from current (or incoming) graduate students. Applicants must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents affiliated with U.S. universities, per National Science Foundation requirements.

    Students selected to participate in the program must have a valid U.S. passport with an expiration date no earlier than 6 months after the date of the return flight.

    Preference will be given to:

    • Students who have Spanish proficiency (fluency is optimal).
    • Interdisciplinary students with hydrological or social science backgrounds.
    • Must be able to reside on-site at project locations in El Salvador for the full 8 weeks (mid-June through mid-August)
    • The project team is especially interested in broadening participation of diverse students in this endeavor
    • According to the project sponsor (NSF): "Each year a new set of graduate students should be supported, with special attention given to broadening participation of underrepresented minorities and those without prior international research experience"

    Desirable Attibutes:

    • Willingness to comply with appropriate safety and security measures to conduct research in a challenging environment like El Salvador
    • Open-minded; flexible; adaptable 
    • Able to work in teams with diverse students and local communities and stakeholders
    • Capable of enduring rustic, shared accommodations that will change based on the different project activities -- participants will move to at least 3 different sites during the 8-week-long experience
    • An openness to considering new experiences and different perspectives
    • An understanding that student participants are “Ambassadors” of the project to the communities in which our work is carried out.
  • Information for Prospective Students

    Nature of the Experience and Challenges to Anticipate:

    • All participants will abide by the principles within Michigan Technological University’s Statement of Diversity, Inclusion, and Equity throughout their involvement in the IRES program. See the MTU Statement.
    • Although instruction will be in English, it is not the primary language spoken in the conduct of the research work. There will be significant language barriers that must be navigated in the course of the field work.
    • When working in a foreign country, you should be sensitive to cultural differences and recognize foremost that we are guests.
    • Intermittent access to internet/wifi/cellular coverage
    • Hot, humid (potentially stormy) weather conditions
    • Moving between locations/cities (staying in two to three locations throughout the program)
    • Severe or specific dietary restrictions can be challenging to accommodate in restaurants and catered events. Grocery stores are accessible for students to choose to purchase and prepare their own food if the other offerings are not meeting their dietary needs or preferences.


    • Students will be housed in shared, rustic accommodations (two to three students per room)
    • Expect to use shared bathroom facilities and to not always have hot water for washing or showering. 
    • Lodging facilities will have electricity and running water for showers and flush toilets. 
    • Tap water should not be used for drinking. Some hotels will provide water bubblers. Otherwise bottled water can be purchased from stores.
  • Award

    Students selected to participate in the International Research Experience will receive reimbursement of travel expenses to and from El Salvador and a per diem for meals and other incidentals while participating in the program in El Salvador. The accommodations will be funded by the project. The logistics are such that rooms must be shared and no dependents can accompany the participants.

    Each participant who completes the experience will be paid a $2,000 stipend.

  • Program Schedule

    The schedule below is meant to be an example for prosepective applicants. Dates are subject to change.

    Date Deadline
    December 2021 Student application period opens
    February 4, 2022 Student application period closes
    February 25, 2022 Nofitication of student application status
    March 11, 2022 Deadline for students to confirm participation
    March - May 2021 Online pre-departure meetings
    June 13, 2022 Arrival in San Salvador, El Salvador
    June 14, 2022 Orientation in San Vicente, El Salvador
    June 14-25, 2022 Onsite Field and Skills Training 
    June 25- July 29, 2022 Group work in communities 
    August 1-4, 2022 International Experience Wrap-Up
    August 5, 2022 Last day of IRES; students return home
  • Contact Us

    Please contact us with questions!

    Luke Bowman, Research Assistant Professor 
    Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences 
    Michigan Technological University

Photo Credits: IRES Team, Oswaldo Martinez (Unsplash)